The effects of fatigue during pregnancy
Fatigue is excessively exhausted, sometimes accompanied by dizziness and weakness. Fatigue is one of the early pregnancy symptoms that is felt almost all women in the first few weeks after conception and implantation. Usually, this symptom of fatigue will get its improvement when entering the second trimester, then return to attack when entering the third trimester. However, it can be different for each pregnant woman. Pregnancy can cause fatigue due to increased production of the hormone progesterone in pregnant women, excessive anxiety and worry until morning sickness with nausea and vomiting which causes a loss a lot of energy.
In the first trimester, the body absorbs a lot of energies to build a system that supports the Fetus’ life. The system is called a placenta. In addition, the body’s metabolism of pregnant women also increases rapidly, while blood sugar and blood pressure tend to decrease. Changing moods can also drain energies. At the end of the first trimester, the mother’s body can adapt with the system on the placenta, as well as changes in hormones and emotions. Therefore, the energy in the body will increase again in the second trimester.
But in the third trimester, fatigue can return to attack. This is a normal case. However, the mother must support her growing weight rather than in the first trimester. This increase in body weight will also cause back pain and other symptoms. As a result, the body will be even more tired.
For most pregnant women, this fatigue may be very disturbing their activities. But fortunately, it is not harmful to the babies’ life. If the mother feels excessive fatigue accompanied by weakness and dizziness, consulting a doctor immediately to have a better treatment.
There is no special treatment that doctors can provide to treat fatigue, but the mother can do a number of things at home to minimize it.
Here are several tips for overcoming fatigue:
1. Set a break in the activities, eg having hot tea, listening to music or a bit of a stretch.
2. Having the additional nutrients, during pregnancy at least require additional nutrients to keep the body stable as much as 300-550 kcal per day. Then apply balanced nutritious food. Like green vegetables, red meat, tofu, and others. These all done to avoid any other serious effect like anemia.
3. Make sure not to be dehydrated, both in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimester, the fluid adequacy of pregnant women should be added continually at least as much as 300ml from the usual 8 glasses per day.
4. Adding with healthy snacks, this is given between the main courses. You may try this kind of food such as fresh fruits, sandwiches, etc. Try to avoid any fast food.
5. Don’t forget to have the exercise, keep on doing light exercise at home so that the muscles will work normally. This is also better for the body to not get tired easily.
6. Set the schedule of the work, consulting to your boss and coworkers about work schedules adjusting to conditions.
7. Don’t do everything by yourself, you can tell their spouse, friends or family when you feel tired.
8. Manage the stress and emotions during pregnancy
If you still feel tired even after having enough energy and rest, you should immediately consult a doctor. There are a number of possibilities that cause fatigue especially for a pregnant woman, such as:
• If the fatigue is followed by constant hunger and thirst, can be the signal symptoms of gestational diabetes
• If fatigue does not get any reducing after resting enough
• Fatigue followed by symptoms such as fever, sore throat, and swollen glands
• Severe fatigue followed by nausea, vomiting, and the frequency of urination more often. This can indicate the symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy or pregnancy outside the womb.
Pregnant women can still have their usual activities, but it is recommended not to get very tired. Pregnant women who often experience fatigue may experience a variety of life-threatening health problems and fetuses in the womb. The danger is:
1. Triggering Contractions
When experiencing exhausted, the body will feel very stiff and tense. This condition can trigger contractions. Contractions can also occur when lifting heavy loads and do improper sports.
2. Blood spots (spotting)
When you feel so tired, you should immediately stop the activity at that time. Excessive fatigue can cause blood spots or spots from the birth canal.
Mothers who often feel tired because they are busy working (at work or at home) can also experience the bleeding. Removing blood spots is the first phase, and if you don’t take a break immediately, it can cause bleeding.
Excessive fatigue can also potentially cause a mother to faint. Falling with a hard impact can be dangerous to the fetus even to a miscarriage.
5. Risk of miscarriage
If the mother falls and gets any collision that occurs on the mother’s stomach, this will have a negative impact on the fetus in the womb and get the risk of miscarriage.
6. Premature birth
Fetuses that are forced to be born prematurely for certain reasons will have low or premature weight
Many pregnant women are prone to hypotension or anemia (anemia). Anemia can occur when pregnant women feel tired and followed by continually anxiety and stress.
Recommended foods during pregnancy
Seafood is a food source that is rich in omega-3, fatty acids, and important antioxidants needed during pregnancy. However, it must still be consumed in proper quantities because these foods are rich in mercury and if consumed in excessive amounts can endanger the fetus.
Yogurt is rich in calcium and vitamins. Choose yogurt that does not contain added sugar and consume yogurt should not be excessive because it can make pregnant women get a stomach ache because it is acidic.
These foods are a rich source of essential vitamins, minerals, and proteins. Green vegetables are rich in folic acid and iron which can relieve fatigue during pregnancy.
Bananas contain folic acid which is considered a prenatal vitamin. These foods are rich in folic acid which can increase hemoglobin, reduce body aches and prevent birth defects.
This type of bean is very healthy because it contains antioxidants and vitamins that can increase the body’s metabolism, control appetite and it is good for fetal growth and development.
Citrus fruits are a kind of food sources that is rich in vitamin C and folic acid. To fight fatigue, women should often consume healthy juices such as orange juices.