The cause of sweating during pregnancy
Sweat is the body’s attempt to cool the body temperature when it feels hot inside. Sweat is produced by sweat glands and then it releases out through the skin pores. For a pregnant woman, it will cause many hormonal changes. For example, pregnancy can make pregnant women exposed to hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids, the gums become sensitive, and even the face to breakouts.
These hormonal changes usually occur and their effects can make the hypothalamus (the area of the brain that helps regulate body temperature) react. The hypothalamus will trigger the body’s sweat reflex to cool the body when the temperature is heating up.
Until now the cause of excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis) has not revealed for sure, but experts say two possibilities being the cause of this case. Hyperhidrosis is divided into two, namely primary hyperhidrosis and secondary hyperhidrosis. Primary hyperhidrosis is caused by genetic factors in which the overactive nervous system stimulates sweat glands causing excessive sweating. This can be compounded by psychological factors such as anxiety, shame, and fear. Whereas in secondary hyperhidrosis, excessive sweating can cause a certain disease or condition, including:
- Eating spicy foods and certain drinks, such as caffeine and alcohol.
- As the effects of drugs, such as morphine, high-dose thyroxine, aspirin, and acetaminophen.
- Getting a fever, when the body temperature starts to fall.
- Associated with various specific diseases, such as heart disease, tuberculosis, and malaria.
- Excessive activity in the sympathetic nervous system as a controller of sweat formation.
- Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar levels.
- Hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland that produces large amounts of hormones.
So, the question is “what causes pregnant women to sweat frequently?”
The body with sweat frequently during pregnancy, usually occurs in the first trimester, third trimester and postpartum. All periods of pregnancy will have more impact during the second trimester of pregnancy and it can disappear gradually. On pregnant women, the body works harder in many ways, so it can produce sweating more. Further, some of the causes are:
- Increased blood flow and metabolism
The blood volume of pregnant women will increase by around 40% or more to fulfill the needs of the fetus. The increased amount of blood in the entire body of pregnant women can increase body temperature. Besides, the metabolism of pregnant women also works harder.
- Weight gain
In average, pregnant women experience an increase in body weight around 11-15 kg. This extra weight can cause the body producing more sweat, in line with making pregnant women dehydrate faster.
- Factors of hormonal changes
Hormone increase is referred to as a causative factor in many cases of complaints of discomfort during pregnancy, including excessive sweating.
- Conditions for hyperthyroidism or infection
Both of these conditions can make pregnant women producing more sweat, although it is less common than other factors above. Check to your doctor if the sweat disturbs your comfort, or if you have symptoms such as fever, rapid heartbeat, or other changes that interfere with your daily activities.
- Being stressed
Not only pregnant women but mothers who are not pregnant will also find it easier to sweat when they are getting stress. Yes, stress can trigger the production of body sweat. Pregnant women must control stress well during pregnancy. So, avoid being stressed.
Tips for maintaining the pregnant women’ body cool
Feeling hot, especially at night, is a normal thing for pregnant women. However, you can do the following tips to stay comfortable:
- Start with choosing the clothes made of cotton, linen or other natural fibers. This type of material allows more air to reach the surface of the skin, eventually will make you feel cool. Besides, it is better to choose loose clothes and avoid many layers of clothing.
- Then, keep the room cool, for example by using a fan or air conditioner (Air Conditioner – AC). Avoid staying outdoors too long when the temperature is getting hot.
- Take a shower often. Bathing with cold water during the day can be refreshing and make the body feel comfortable and the body feels refreshed.
- Use talc-free powder. This type of powder can absorb sweat and prevent prickly heat. Pregnant women can also avoid using moisturizers.
- Drinking water more and more, you can bring a drinking water bottle with you. Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day. Staying hydrated can make the body feel cool, also prevent dizziness and weakness. Dehydration can make a lack of amniotic water, fatigue, constipation, and interfere with the production of breast milk.
- Besides yoga, swimming can also be an effective way of getting rid of heat. It is beneficial to make the body cold and help keep the weight of pregnant women ideal.
- Consume foods can refresh the body, such as fruits that contain lots of water (melon, watermelon, berries), cucumber, fruit juice, ice cream, cold fruit soup, cold yogurt, and others
Excess Sweat Complications
- Fungal infections
The fungus will grow in warm and moist environments, for example in the feet and nails. The production of a lot of sweat can potentially trigger the mushrooms’ growth.
- Prickly heat and rash
This happens because the pores around the sweat glands are closed so that sweat is trapped under the skin. It usually occurs in the area of the forehead, back, and chest.
Here are several sweat glands causing the excessive sweating.
- Aprokin is a gland that often triggers sweating during pregnancy. The aprokin gland is mainly located in the armpit and around the genital area. Aprokin is responsible if the body releases body odor (caused by a combination of sweat and bacteria in the body).
- Eccrine is a gland that involved for the production of sweat that comes out during pregnancy. This gland is usually found in all parts of the body, but its main location is on the face, chest, back, and armpits. Eccrine glands do not cause odor to the body during pregnancy but these glands often produce more sweat during pregnancy.