The cause and the result of heart palpitations during pregnancy
Heart palpitations are the condition where the heart condition running unusual, such as feeling too slow or too fast (tachycardia). This condition is commonly called palpitations. Some people experience heart palpitations after eating or drinking something like caffeine and alcohol. Maybe you are sensitive to caffeine. Heartburn after eating spicy foods or seasoned dishes can also cause heart palpitations. Taking certain drugs can also trigger heart palpitations due to overdose.
There are several commonly sold drugs, such as cold and decongestant drugs that have stimulant effects, and drugs for asthma, heart disease, high blood pressure, diet pills, thyroid hormones, and some antibiotics. However, these kinds of a drug can also cause palpitations. Illegal drugs such as amphetamines and cocaine and nicotine in cigarettes can also trigger heart palpitations. Regarding the hardness of this disease, pregnant women should have more attention to the cause and the effect of the disease.
What are the causes of palpitations?
Many causes resulting a person experience an irregular heartbeat (palpitations). Although it attacks the heart, not all causes are directly related to this organ. Here are some of the causes of heart palpitations:
- The condition of the heart organ
This is considered as one of the important cause of palpitations. Any disturbance in the heart can result in the appearance of palpitations or tachycardia, such as arrhythmia, heart attack, problems with the heart valve, as well as heart failure.
- Emotional conditions
The emotional condition can also trigger the palpitations toward the sufferer including the pregnant women. Emotional conditions can also cause irregular heart palpitations, such as feeling anxious, depressed, feeling panic, nervous, feeling anxious, stressed, and afraid of something.
- Hormonal changes
Besides the two previous factors, body hormonal changes also contribute to the cause of palpitations. Hormonal changes include menstrual period, pregnancy, before or during menopause. Sometimes, erratic heart palpitations that occur during pregnancy can be a sign of anemia (lack of blood).
- Taking certain medicines
A pregnant woman should pay attention to any medications that are being routinely consumed. Certain drugs can cause an erratic heartbeat, such as antiarrhythmic drugs, antihistamine drugs, thyroid hormone medication, antibiotics, asthma inhaler, antidepressant medication, antifungal therapy, several types of cough and cold medicines, decongestants, and some herbal and nutritional supplements
- Certain body conditions
Besides those factors above, the condition of the body can underlie the occurrence of irregular heartbeats like overactive thyroid gland, anemia, low blood sugar levels, low potassium levels, dehydration, body fever, blood loss, experience shock, low levels of oxygen or carbon dioxide in the blood and electrolyte abnormalities
Lifestyle has an important role in the existence of palpitations. Here are several things you should not do to maintain the body fit.
- Consume too much caffeine (commonly found in tea, coffee, and energy drinks)
- Drink too much alcohol
- Doing strenuous exercise
- Using illegal drugs (eg marijuana, cocaine, heroin, ecstasy, and amphetamines)
Besides, some people also claim to experience heart palpitations after eating heavy foods that contain lots of carbohydrates, sugar, or fat. Eating too much food containing monosodium glutamate (MSG), nitrate or sodium can also result in palpitations. Although palpitations are not dangerous, pay attention toward these sign below. they can be a sign of something abnormal body condition.
- Difficulty breathing
- Excessive sweating
- Dizziness or fainting
- Chest pain
- Pressure on the chest, upper back, arms, neck or jaw
Many risk factors allow a person to experience palpitations, such as coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, excessive alcohol consumption, consume excessive caffeine, experiencing stress, anemia, inflammation of the heart, chronic lung disease, as well as hereditary factors.
Here, the age of the sufferers such as older people usually has a higher risk of tachycardia. Besides experiencing anxiety or panic disorder that often occurs is also a potential cause of palpitations. Pregnant women are also prone to take palpitations.
To prevent the worse condition of palpitations. Several tests can be done to diagnose a heart condition:
- Electrocardiographic Test (ECG). Tests are carried out by recording signals of electrical activity in the heart.
- Holter Monitor Test. This test aims to check heart function, but this will not be done in the examination room. The device used for recording heart rhythm activity. It will be installed on the patient’s body, precisely in the pocket or belt. This device has been connected to an electrode cable attached directly to chest to observe the work of the heart.
- Echocardiography (cardiac ultrasound) test. This examination is done to observe the heart condition, including its structure and function. It works by issuing electronic sound waves, to produce an image to show the heart condition.
- Blood test
- Urine test
- X-ray photos
Heart palpitations during pregnancy
As been told before the heart palpitations are also can attack pregnant women. The common cause of heart palpitations during pregnancy is the addition of blood volume in the body. The body of a pregnant woman contains almost 50 percent more blood than normal people. In the third or last trimester of pregnancy, about 20 percent of the blood in the mother’s body will be delivered to the uterus. This condition causes the heart to work harder. Mothers must increase the blood supply for babies in the womb to help them grow and develop. This extra blood volume causes the heart to pump faster to move it. As a result, the heart rate can increase by 10 to 20 extra beats per minute.
Apart from the increased blood volume of pregnant women, there are other causes of a heartbeat.
- Excessive stress.
- Consuming more caffeine (coffee, tea, energy drinks, soft drinks, or chocolate)
- Medicine for colds and allergies containing pseudoephedrine.
- Presence of heart problems such as pulmonary hypertension or coronary arteries.
- Heart damage from a previous pregnancy
- Health problems such as thyroid.
Several ways can be used to control it so that it doesn’t get worse
- Knowing the exactly the cause
- Avoiding the consumption of the caffeine
- Drinking sufficient water
- Using the proper breathing ways