Syncope during pregnancy
Syncope is a symptom with the characteristics of a sudden and temporary loss of consciousness usually caused by a lack of blood flow and oxygen to the brain or medical terms for fainting. Syncope often occurs because the condition blood pressure is too low (hypotension).
The first symptom felt by someone before fainting is feeling dizzy, reduced vision, tinnitus, and burning sensation. Furthermore, the person will fall or droop. If the sufferer cannot change the position to almost horizontal, he can die because of the effects of the trauma of suspension. There are various causes of syncope, ranging from certain medical conditions to environmental factors. Syncope can also arise due to emotional reactions in very difficult situations. Also, syncope can also be caused by severe pain such as low blood sugar levels, decreased blood pressure, decreased heart rate, or changes in blood counts.
Here, we have submitted several common causes of syncope include:
- Low blood pressure or dilated blood vessels.
- Irregular heartbeat.
- The accumulation of blood in the legs due to sudden changes in position.
- Stand too long.
- Pain and extreme fear.
- Severe stress
- Excessive sweating.
- Neurological diseases such as stroke, migraine, and Parkinson’s disease for the elderly who suffer from diabetes.
- Heart-related medical conditions can also cause syncope. The heart disease that can cause syncope or fainting includes heart valve abnormalities, pulmonary hypertension, and heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy).
Pathophysiology (Mechanism of occurrence) Syncope consists of three types:
- Decreased cardiac output secondary to intrinsic heart disease or significant clinical decline in blood volume;
- Decreasing the peripheral vascular resistance and/or venous return
- A significant clinical cerebrovascular disease that leads to decreased cerebral perfusion.
Regardless of the cause, all of these categories share common factors which are called adequate brain oxygenation disorders result in temporary changes in consciousness. Common syncope symptoms such as dizziness and headache, nausea and heart palpitations, feelings of drifting, changes in vision or blurred vision, feel weak throughout the body, a weak pulse, changes in body temperature that make you suddenly feel hot or even cold, look pale even vertigo or spinning dizziness.
If you experience those symptoms and feel faint, stop the activity immediately, have a seat and lie down with your feet higher than your head. This will help blood flow back to the brain and prevent syncope. Also, relax clothes or anything that might block his breathing is better to help blood flow back to the brain. If the person returns to faint within one to two minutes, you should contact your local emergency medical service.
All you have to know about syncope or dizziness during pregnancy
Dizziness is one of the disruptions that most pregnant women experience, especially in the first trimester. This naturally occurs due to low blood pressure in the body while the drop in blood pressure is caused by increased hormonal activity in the body. This causes blood vessels to dilate. Widespread blood vessels can increase blood flow to the fetus, but it slows blood back into the blood vessels themselves. This can also cause your blood pressure lower than normal which can reduce blood flow to the brain. As a result, you will feel dizzy. Besides, low blood sugar levels can also cause dizziness during pregnancy. Not only in the early trimester, but in the second and third trimesters, dizziness can also occur. This is related to the growth and the development of the fetus every day. Consequently, they make the body produce more blood. So that blood pressure increases and pregnant women feel dizzy or headache.
Next, the other conditions that can cause pregnant women to feel dizzy:
- Vasovagal syncope
Vasovagal syncope occurs when the body reacts much to certain triggers, such as seeing blood or extreme emotional stress. This action, however, can trigger a sudden decrease in heart rate and blood pressure which causes dizziness or fainting. Pregnant women are more susceptible to vasovagal syncope. These symptoms often begin with warning signs such as the body feeling warm, pale, sweating, nausea, yawning, and hyperventilation.
Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia. Lack of iron in the body can also cause feeling dizzy during pregnancy. This is because it lacks the substances of the red blood cells to carry oxygen to the brain and other organs. To overcome this, make sure to consume prenatal foods and vitamins that contain iron, especially in the second and third trimesters.
Anxiety can make you hyperventilate or breathe irregularly. Hyperventilation can make you feel the dizziness or have a headache.
Here are we provided some things that can be done to overcome and prevent the syncope:
- Lie down or sit down
Immediately lie down or sit if you feel dizzy. Avoid lying too long because it causes a lack of oxygen supply to the fetus. Avoid waking up suddenly, start by tilting first then sit down. You can try as soon as you get sudden dizziness.
- Eat regularly
Eating regularly can make blood sugar levels stable. Lack of food intake can make blood sugar low, so it will cause dizzy. The person who likes to travel is recommended to always provide healthy snacks to eat.
- Sufficient fluid needs
Always try to get enough fluids to avoid dehydration. Lack of drinking often makes you dizzy. Pregnant women should drink at least 10 glasses per day. You may increase the needs more after exercising or due to the weather.
- Don’t take a hot shower
Avoid having a bath using hot water. Wash your body with the room temperature water. Also, avoid soaking, because the body temperature can increase a lot. This is certainly unsafe for pregnant women.
- Avoid excessive exercise
Sports are healthy for the body. However, if done excessively it can make you experience hyperventilation, breathing irregularly. Feeling dizzy caused by things like heat, starvation, or getting up from sleep or sleeping too fast, too long, generally will disappear after giving birth. However, if the simple steps suggested do not eliminate the problem or even the headache persists, immediately consult with the obstetrician. Here we also have submitted other symptoms that need immediate action from a doctor include; severe headache, blurred vision, speech disorders, palpitations, numbness, tingling, chest pain, shortness of breath, or bleeding. These symptoms can be a sign of a serious underlying problem that can affect the condition of pregnant women and the fetus. In early pregnancy, abdominal pain accompanied by dizziness can be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy, which requires immediate attention.