Relaxation is a way of managing anxiety or stress through muscles and nerves sourced from certain objects. Further, relaxation is the physical and psychological aspects of humans so that by doing relaxation the body will be in a balanced state. We can say, the body is in a state of calm and the muscles relax with a comfortable body.
Relaxation is one part of the effort to prepare a comfortable, safe and calm labor process. Often many mothers are confused to find the right position for relaxation. Mothers do not need to be confused with this position. Since basically, the mother herself can feel the most comfortable doing relaxation with hypnotic music. Eventually, there are 2 kinds of positions that can be chosen. There are ‘the back position / supine lying position’ and ‘lateral position’. Moreover, there is also a used combination position, namely the half-sitting position. The most correct position of relaxation is the most comfortable position according to the mother herself.
Why do pregnant women need relaxation?
Calm thoughts and feelings must be prepared for pregnancy. Feelings that make pregnant women afraid, tense and anxious during pregnancy will trigger stress and have an impact on the health of the baby. Mothers should use ways to reduce excessive feelings by doing relaxation. Relaxation can be done even in busy times. It can be done when you need a new atmosphere to create the nerves calm again.
Relaxation approaching the process of labor
The most important moment for pregnant women is labor. Mothers need careful and good preparation to maintain the safety of the mother and the baby. To make yourself calmer, you need taking relaxation before labor. Labor relaxation will help the mother to facilitate labor and make the fetus born without any obstacles. Just like any other technique, relaxation techniques can soothe tight and stiff muscles.
Relaxation before labor is very easy to do, pregnant women can first recognize muscle tension. After that tension in the abdomen and do the art of removing tension. Pregnant women can start by focusing on body parts. Then concentrate on the tense part and release it slowly. Pregnant women can do it while breathing deeply and throw it away by exhaling. This situation will make pregnant women experience adequate relaxation both in mind and body. With concentration, pregnant women can easily relax. Even mothers can ask for help from their spouses for relaxation. Relaxing with your spouse will make you calmer and increase your confidence in facing labor. You can use slow and pleasant audio or music to help supports relaxation before labor. Mothers can relax and find sounds that can help relax movements created more dynamically.
Types of relaxation approaching the process of labor
Approaching labor, the mother can do some relaxation. Here are several types of Relaxation often done to prepare for the delivery period:
- Passive Relaxation
Passive relaxation is kind of easy and common relaxation. Mothers can do it themselves by following the instructions. How to do it is lying position comfortably, then change the position sideways or semi-sitting. The next step, the head or the whole body is given a cushion. After that try to focus on the toes. Slowly relax, feel until you find comfort. Still, on the ankle, you can imagine feeling weak, sagging and making your ankle relax. Next focus on the calf area, imagine the calf muscles feel relaxed.
Do the same thing on the knee. Do not hold the legs and feel the desired comfort. Even focusing on the perineum will help relax as expected. Mothers can relax by relaxing, not tense and comfortable. During normal delivery, the perineal tissue will open and give way to the baby to be born. In a relaxed condition, the perineum will be calmer and make it easier for the baby to be born. Do the same thing on the lower back and upper part. Comfort begins with taking a deep breath then slowly exhale.
- Calculation of Relaxation
You can also do a calculation of relaxation, for example, when relaxing, breathing through the nose and then slowly release throughout the body. By using a slow breath calculation.
- Touch Relaxation
Relaxation of the mother’s touch can be helped by the husband. This relaxation is a kind of pleasant relaxation that will be calm and comfortable. Mothers can ask for help from their husbands to contract muscles in the body. Ask your husband to adjust your fingers and curves without pressing and then concentrating to make the tension disappear. The type of touch that can be done by the husband is a silent touch. Ask the husband to hold hands firmly on the tense part of the body and will turn to relax. Touch in the form of pressure is to give pressure by using fingers and palms gently. Touch on the abdomen will make the mother relax. This gentle touch will make mom calm.
- Relaxation Massage
Last but not least, one of the types of relaxations is massaging. The spouse will rub and press firmly and slowly the tense parts of the muscle. This technique is usually applied to the upper back and shoulders, although other areas can also get the same treatment. Do this relaxation technique regularly so that the mother can get maximum comfort during labor.
Some the relaxation positions
- Position lying on your back
In early pregnancy or first trimester of pregnancy, the position of lying on your back may be a comfortable position for the mother. Along with the pregnancy especially entering the third trimester, this position is not recommended to do. Since, the baby’s heavy pressure can suppress the large venous blood vessels, the inferior vena cava, on the back so that the oxygen supply and blood flow to the fetus are disrupted, besides it can cause the mother to experience a decrease in blood pressure (hypotension).
If the mother chooses to lie on her back, place a pillow under her head and shoulders. Arrange this position as comfortable as possible. Place the mother’s arm next to the body, palms facing the sky. The arms are straightened and relaxed. Relax your fingers and let them bend naturally. Stretch your mother’s feet to parallel to the shoulders, pointing out and relaxing.
- Side Position
The sideways position is mostly chosen by pregnant women during the final trimester or before labor. This position is also recommended when doing labor. Lie on one side of the body (tilt to the left is the most appropriate choice), with your elbows slightly bent, place your right arm on the side of the pillow. The stomach can be propped up with a pillow or towel. Align your left leg with your knees slightly bent. Bend the right leg. For the mother to feel comfortable, place one or two pillows under the right knee as a support.
- Sit or Half Sit Position
This position is usually chosen by pregnant women in the second and third trimester. By placing a few pillows on the back, neck, and head and stretching the body on top of it and not letting the weight overload the joint. The mother can feel comfortable, relax and prevent unnecessary stresses on the body and baby. Sit with your legs as comfortable as possible. Put your hand on your lap (it could also be by wrapping your hand in your lower abdomen).