Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy
Vomiting is a condition of the stomach that cannot be controlled, causing the stomach to forcibly expel its contents through the mouth and using its strong muscle contractions. Whereas nausea is a very unpleasant feeling and triggers a person to vomit but not to eject the bowels. Nausea (nausea) and vomiting (vomitus) are the activities of the body to equalize the pressure in the stomach. Nausea occurs when any substances appearing and making the stomach aroused even often ending in vomiting.
Nausea and vomiting is not a kind of diseases. Nausea and vomiting are symptoms of other disease conditions that need to be looked for. Medications can also cause nausea and vomiting effects, such as anticancer drugs and chemotherapy that often make the patient feel nausea and vomiting.
Many factors can make a person feel nauseous or vomit. Below are several causes of vomiting and nausea that often occur such as eating too much, drinking too much alcohol, taking certain medications, consuming poisoned food, virus infection, fear or other strong emotions, first three months pregnancy, even morning sickness. Besides, here are also some factors that can make a person feel nauseous or vomit like chemical toxins in environmental exposure, gallbladder disease, intensive pain, migraines, and vertigo.
Some serious conditions that cause vomiting and nausea include:
- Meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain) or encephalitis (inflammation of the brain tissue)
- Brain tumor
- Intestinal blockage
Vomiting accompanied by diarrhea can cause dangerous dehydration. Be aware of the symptoms of dehydration which is characterized by dry lips and mouth, sunken eyes, pale face, pulse, and rapid breathing. Nausea and vomiting generally occur in those with infections ranging from influenza to gastroenteritis.
Handling nausea and vomiting depends on the underlying conditions. Sometimes the cause of nausea and vomiting is the underlying psychological condition. People who often get themselves vomit may have eating disorders. If you eat a lot and then deliberately make yourself vomit, you need professional help. If the cause is a headache condition such as migraine or vertigo, a headache medication accompanied by vomiting can be prescribed by a doctor. If the cause is an increased condition of gastric acid, the medication for nausea (ulcer) can be prescribed by a doctor. In conclusion, nausea and vomiting have many causes, so the treatment of nausea and vomiting drugs may vary adjust to the underlying conditions.
In most cases, nausea disappears on its own, especially if relieved by vomiting. Treatment may include plenty of fluids and a clear liquid diet. Severe nausea may require treatment with medication. If you feel nauseous, you may not be interested in food or drinks, although sometimes light and plain foods such as bread and biscuits can make you feel better. Avoid any sweetest foods and oily or fried foods, because these foods can make nausea worse or even cause vomiting. The natural remedy for nausea that can be tried is ginger, tea with peppermint, and tasteless foods that can help soothe the stomach. Some people overcome their nausea with a gentle massage (with a thumb) on the wrist.
Prevention of nausea and vomitinga
Although this kind of irritation is considered a harmless disease, avoiding trigger nausea can help prevent vomiting. Therefore, you should avoid:
- •Lamp blips, which can trigger migraine headaches.
- Heat and humidity.
- Sea shipping.
- Pungent odors, such as the smell of perfume and kitchen fumes.
Try to always take nausea medication (scopolamine) before going the trip. This eventually can prevent motion sickness. Avoid sitting in the back seat of a car, if you get drunk. While if you feel nauseous, try to take deep and clear breaths and don’t think about vomiting. This simple thing will help prevent the worse condition of feeling nauseous. Besides, avoiding intense physical activities after eating can also minimize nausea. Further, avoid any spicy, high-fat, oily foods such as cereals, crackers, toast, gelatin, and broth.
Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy
Nausea and vomiting are experienced by most pregnant women. Only less than 20% of pregnant women do not experience it. This occurrence is a common condition at the beginning of pregnancy, presumably due to hormonal changes. Although nausea during pregnancy is often referred to as morning sickness, this condition can occur at any time. Both morning, afternoon and night. Some pregnant women experience it throughout the day.
There is no exact cause of nausea during pregnancy. However, nausea in pregnant women is often related to several factors, including:
- The production of the pregnancy hormone. When the fertilized egg is attached to the uterine wall, the body will produce the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). This is commonly causing nausea. So, nausea is a sign that the body is producing hormones needed for pregnancy.
- There is an increase in estrogen levels.
- Sensitivity to certain smells or odors increases.
- Urinary tract infections can cause nausea and vomiting.
- Some pregnant women tend to be more at risk of developing nausea during pregnancy, especially if they have often experienced nausea in travel, nausea when using contraception containing estrogen, first child pregnancy, twin babies, or obese.
Nausea in pregnant women is reasonable and does not harm the fetus. However, if the frequency of nausea and vomiting is getting excessive, it remains to be taken the other treatments. If nausea during pregnancy interfere with an appetite so that the intake of nutrients consumed is reduced, pregnant women may need nutrition from additional supplements. Nausea followed by severe vomiting can be a sign of a disturbance in pregnancy.
How to Overcome Nausea When Pregnant?
Nausea during pregnancy can be handled independently by changing your diet and changing some habits:
- If you experience morning sickness, wake up slowly from the bed. If possible, eat a piece of bread or biscuits before standing
- Make sure you have enough rest since fatigue can cause nausea
- to keep your dietary habit as good as possible. Limit too spicy or too sweet foods. Likewise, when you are drinking, take a sip and do it slowly.
- Wear comfortable clothes that are not tight at the waist.
- Ask for help from others if you cannot do some activities that trigger nausea.
- Consuming ginger can relieve symptoms of nausea during pregnancy. You can eat ginger sweets or drink warm water with a ginger mixture if you feel helpful.
- Avoid lying down after eating food.
- Avoid fatty foods that take a long time to digest.