Guidelines for Complementary Feeding

Guidelines for Complementary Feeding (1)

The complementary feeding guides according to WHO is an important process that puts forward the readiness of babies to start giving complementary foods for breast milk. Some mothers are confused about how and what food should be given to the baby. In some cases, there are still mothers who give complementary feeding under the age of 6 months.

Guidelines For Complementary Feeding (1)

According to WHO complementary feeding guidelines, complementary foods should be given at the age of 180 days or 6 months. As we get older, there is a vacuum in the supply of energy and nutrients that cannot only be obtained from breast milk.

Following are the complementary feeding guidelines that you need to know.

  1. Limitation of the age

According to the WHO (World Health Organization), complementary feeding in infants must be given at a precise time, which is 6 months old. If the baby begins to be given food after 6 months, then he will be better protected against various types of diseases that might attack. On the contrary, if complimentary food is given before 6 months, it is very risky to be attacked by various types of germs. This reason is related to the baby’s immune system at that age can be said to be still not completed. Also, the cells around the intestine also do not have the readiness and completeness to digest food.

  1. Frequency

When given complementary food, of course, the mother needs to pay attention to the frequency of administration. When you are 6 months old and start eating food, give food 1 to 2 times a day. Then gradually increase to 2 to 3 times the food with an additional 1 to 2 snacks. When your child has reached the age of 9 months, the mother can give meals 3 times each day with 2 snacks.

  1. Amount

Besides the frequency of eating, the amount or portion of complementary food given must also be considered. When the ba starts eating food, you can feed between 2 and 2 tablespoons in one meal. Increase the feeding of complementary food gradually to be able to consume half a cup measuring 250 ml when it reaches the age of 6 to 9 months.

  1. Texture

The method of giving complementary food is to pay attention to the texture of the food. For babies who are still learning to eat food, you should give a smoother texture and increase it gradually until he can eat food consumed by family members. When you are 6 months old, give thick porridge or puree that is not too runny or too thick. After consuming it for about a week, start giving more thick porridge or filtered porridge until he is 9 months old. When he is 9 months old, the mother can provide finely chopped food that is easily grazed by the child. Furthermore, at the age of 1 year, the little one has been able to eat food consumed by the whole family.

  1. Variety

The key to balanced nutrition is the diversity of food consumed by the baby. This is not without reason, considering that all the food available has a variety of nutrients. When starting to get complimentary food, the mother can serve porridge or fruit puree which can then be improved to recognize various food ingredients, for example, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and animal sources.

  1. Active / Responsive

In giving complementary food to your child, it is fitting for the mother to be active and responsive to the baby. Avoid watching TV or taking a walk in feeding children. The thing to do is maintaining eye contact with the child, and always give a positive smile and words so he wants to eat. Give patience and slowly. It is best to avoid carrying a child with a walk when feeding him, an alternative that can be done is to hold him so that he feels comfortable.

  1. Hygiene

The most important thing to consider in giving complementary food is the hygiene of the food. Always ensure that the food provided is free of pathogens, toxins/poisons and avoid chemicals. Before giving food, you should get used to washing your mother and baby’s hands.

It is recommended that the complementary feeding menu for the first 6 months be made in the form of puree or milk porridge. This is so that the baby begins to recognize the texture of food slowly. There are some healthy homemade complementary feeding recipes, you can try it at home for your babies. Follow these steps below. Happy trying!

  1. Avocado Pure Recipe


  • 25 grams of cooked avocado (1/2 fruit)
  • 25 ml of boiled water
  • 100 ml of boiled water/breast milk/milk

How to make:

  • Dredge avocado and process with a blender with boiled water until smooth
  • Pour into a container or a bowl
  • Add milk/milk for food
  • Mix well and strain
  • Avocado pure is ready to be served
  1. Pure Banana Apple Recipe


  • 1 sweet apple (200 grams)
  • 1/2 kind of banana, cut into small pieces
  • 100 ml of boiled water
  • 1 teaspoon of plain yogurt


  • Peel the apple and remove the seeds
  • Cut the apple the size of a dice
  • Combine apples and bananas
  • Add water
  • Cook until boiling and the apple withers
  • Lift and drain
  • Blend apples and bananas with a blender until smooth
  • Add yogurt and mix well
  1. Potato Pure Recipe


  • 150 grams of potatoes (approximately 1 item)
  • 200 ml of baby orange juice


  • Peel potatoes and wash thoroughly
  • Steam the potatoes until they’re cooked and tender and then lift
  • Combine steamed potatoes with baby orange juice
  • Process with the blender until pulverized and it is ready to serve. Enjoy!
  1. Tuna fish rice


  • 1 tuna finger segment
  • 1 handful of white rice
  • 3 slices of onion
  • Ginger to taste
  • Celery to taste
  • Water

Steps :

  • Boil water and cook white rice.
  • Stir until the rice is half soft.
  • Add tuna, chopped onions, and enough ginger to remove fish from the fish.
  • Stir until the rice becomes evenly mixed fish porridge.
  • Add celery to add flavor.
  • Stir until the viscosity of the slurry is right.
  • Let half cool then strain.
  • Serve while warm.
  1. A combination of red rice puree, chicken, tofu, and beans


  • 2 handfuls of brown rice
  • 25 grams of minced chicken
  • 1 packet of silk tofu
  • 5 chickpeas
  • Garlic


  • Soak red rice for half a day.
  • Cook rice until it becomes porridge.
  • Steam the chicken for 30 minutes with a stew of garlic broth.
  • Steam beans and silk tofu for 20 minutes.
  • Press the tofu on the filter until it is pulverized.
  • Blend beans and chicken. Once smooth, strain.
  • Porridge is ready to be served.
  1. Broccoli puree, potatoes, and fish broth


  • 1/2 potatoes
  • 3 pieces of broccoli florets
  • 3 tablespoons of fish broth

How to make:

  • Wash clean potatoes and broccoli.
  • Cut the potatoes into parts.
  • Steam broccoli with potatoes that have been cut into pieces for approximately 10 minutes.
  • Remove steamed potatoes and broccoli, then add fish stock.
  • Blend all ingredients until smooth. Transfer to a bowl.
  • Add 1 tablespoon of broth again to prevent it from getting too thick. Ready to be served.
  1. Pure white rice broth and broth


  • 3 tablespoons of rice
  • 1/4 kg of chicken
  • a piece of bay leaf
  • garlic beat.
  • 200 ml of water

How to make:

  • Cook rice until it becomes porridge.
  • Boil chicken in a pan filled with water over medium heat.
  • Add the garlic and bay leaves.
  • Wait until it boils, then turn off the stove.
  • Take broth water and store it in a separate glass.
  • Take cooked rice and press until soft. Strain and urinate.
  • Mix the broth into the rice, stirring until well blended. Serve it.
  1. Chicken soup puree

Prepare the materials:

  • 2 pieces of chicken, cut into cubes
  • 1/2 medium-sized potato fruit
  • 1 clove of garlic
  • 2 pieces of celery
  • 2 small pieces of carrot
  • a piece of broccoli flower

How to make:

  • Wash all ingredients.
  • Boil water, then adds chicken, potatoes, carrots, and garlic.
  • After being slightly cooked, add broccoli and celery. Wait a few minutes then turn off the fire.
  • Blend all ingredients, then strain. It is ready to be served.
  1. Meat team puree

Material :

  • 500 grams of minced meat
  • 1/2 onion, finely chopped
  • a medium-sized carrot and potato
  • 300 ml of water
  • 2 tsp of olive oil

How to make:

  • Peel and dice each potato and carrot.
  • Heat oil in the pan over medium heat.
  • Add the meat and saute for 2-3 minutes until it turns brown.
  • Add the onions, carrots, potatoes, and water to the pan.
  • Mix well and allow to boil.
  • Reduce heat, cover pan and cook for 1 hour 15 minutes or until all ingredients are tender. Drain well.
  • Blend them until smooth. Serve it.

These menus are only references to complementary food which can be tried at home as a variety of menus that can be given to your child.

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