Frequent of urination during pregnancy
In the first trimester of pregnancy, women often experience a disruption in their body’s health. One of the disorders that often arise are nausea and vomit every morning. This is called by morning sickness that sometimes disrupts the women’ activities, while they also often getting impaired during urination.
Women who are entering the first trimester (0-12 weeks) of pregnancy having frequent urination, even within an hour can reach 3-4 times even more. This condition will re-emerge when entering the third trimester (28 weeks leading up to childbirth). This condition certainly will make them uncomfortable. Moreover, still they are weak enough, they will be potential to get a painful leg if they had to go to the toilet several times.
The Causes of frequent urination during pregnancy
In general, it is considered as a normal case of an increased frequency of urination experienced by women during the first trimester of pregnancy. Intense urination can occur as early in pregnancy because of the increasing amount of progesterone hormone. This hormone is useful in the formation of the fetus and supports baby growth perfectly. Unfortunately, this increase in progesterone causes the bladder disturbed.
Besides hormone progesterone which causes interference with the ability to urinate in pregnant women, the disturbance can be caused by human chorionic gonadotropin. This condition usually gets better in the second trimester of pregnancy. In addition to hormonal problems that cause greater urinary frequency, this condition is also caused by the increased volume of water in the body. As a result, the kidney has to work harder to throw unnecessary chemicals from the body and cause increased urinary frequency.
On the other hands, the way that can cause increased urinary frequency is a urinary tract infection. Poor sanitation or unsafe sex can eventually cause an infection. These conditions also trigger an increased amount of urine produced by the body.
While the progress of the pregnancy, fetus growth in the womb can press the bladder. It eventually causes the intense frequent of urination. At the end of pregnancy, pressure on the bladder increasing because of the fetal position. These conditions lead the need to urinate more frequently, even though the bladder empty.
Scientifically, the cause of the higher intense urination during pregnancy is the amount of blood flowing in the body increasing extensively, which ultimately makes the process of the kidneys to excrete more additional fluid. Increased frequency of urination is a disruption that physiologically, which is common in first trimesters pregnant women and in the third trimester. In the first trimester normally there will be the enlargement of the uterus and uterine weight gain in the fundus, and the isthmus uteri become soft (Hegar’s sign), causing the uterus becomes increasingly anteflexion so it cause prompting in the urinary vesica.
This condition will be different from the last trimester. In this phase, the increasing of the urination frequency typically happen because the lowest part of the fetus is getting start to enter sacral promontory and symphysis phubis prompting urinary vesica (commonly on primigravida). This will decrease urinary vesica so the volume of contained urine prompting to release. So, this condition normally will bring the feels of intended urination.
Actually, the common symptoms of urinary disorders are the frequency to an increase the need to to the toilet. Besides, there is a possibility of urinary tract infections. Frequent urination also might be a sign of gestational diabetes, uterine fibroids or urinary tract infection (UTI). If the cause of gestational diabetes is prone to give birth to the babies with weight above average, babies will be born prematurely and potentially will experience pre-eclampsia. It also can be caused by a urinary tract infection, it is recommended to cure soon in order not to trigger a kidney infection.
Gestational diabetes is diabetes that appears during the pregnancy and only lasts until the birth process. This condition can occur at any gestational age but generally takes place in weeks 24 to 28 of pregnancy. Similar to normal diabetes, gestational diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin to control glucose (sugar) levels in the blood during pregnancy. However, there is no brief explanation told what causes gestational diabetes. In the other hands, this condition is allegedly linked to hormonal changes during pregnancy. Symptoms of diabetes during pregnancy appear when blood sugar levels soaring higher (hyperglycemia).
During the pregnancy, the placenta produces more hormones such as estrogen, HPL (human placental lactogen), including a hormone that makes the body resistant toward the insulin, the hormone that reduces blood sugar levels. As a result, blood sugar levels rise and cause gestational diabetes.
Fibroids are benign tumors that occur at the top or inside the uterine muscle. One cell divides many times and continues to grow into becoming a mass or lump that is separated from the uterus. Because it grows within the uterus it is called uterine fibroid. Fibroids can grow quite large and make the sufferer look like the normal condition of pregnancy and experience pregnancy- symptoms such as:
- Tension on the severe pelvic
- Frequent urination
- Can lead to constipation, back pain, pain during intercourse, and pelvic pain
There is no certainty about the cause of this disease, but there are several possibilities such as genetic changes, the influence of estrogen and progesterone hormones, and other substances in the body.
Urinary tract infection
Urinary tract infection is a condition in which the bacteria originating from outside the body enter the body through the urethra and reach the urethra. If urinary tract infection is attacking pregnant women, this can potentially cause premature birth and even miscarriage.
If you experience urinary tract infections, a few things below will appear:
- Urine does not look clear or slightly yellowish. The color can change slightly foamy and stronger.
- In conditions that are already severe, urine will often be reddish or pink. The red color comes from inflammation and also bleeding that occurs in the body.
- If you experience an infection, the smell is more strong and easily spreads. Ensure the difference between normal and abnormal odors.
Immediately consult a doctor if you feel the abnormalities to prevent worse pregnancy complications and get further treatment.