Weight gain during pregnancy

Weight gain during pregnancy

One of the changes experienced by pregnant women is weight gain. This weight gain is needed to support the development and the health of the fetus in the uterus. However, weight gain is not always the same for each pregnant woman. This closely depends on your body mass index and body weight before pregnancy. Body mass index is obtained from the division of body weight in kilograms with your body height in meters squared. Weight gain during pregnancy affects the health of the mother and baby at birth. Pregnant women who have excess weight during pregnancy increase the risk of experiencing diseases related to pregnancy. While pregnant women who have less weight during pregnancy can increase the risk of babies born with low weight. Gaining weight during pregnancy is very important for the baby because the baby’s weight at birth and the baby’s health status depends on the mother’s weight during pregnancy. Continue reading “Weight gain during pregnancy”

The benefits of baby spa

The benefits of baby spa

Spa is a traditional health effort with a holistic approach, in the form of comprehensive care using a combination of hydrotherapy skills, massage, aromatherapy, and added food services, healthy drinks, and physical activity. So, the meaning of baby spa is treatment or treatment using water as a medium. The stages of the baby spa also use water as a medium. Continue reading “The benefits of baby spa”

Anatomical and physiological changes in pregnancy

Anatomical and physiological changes in pregnancy (1)
Anatomical and physiological changes in pregnancy

Anatomy Changes and Physiological Adaptation in Trimester I, II, and III Pregnant Women

Reproduction system

  1. Vulva and Vagina
  2. Trimester I

In line with the influence of estrogen hormone, vulva and vagina have an increase in blood vessels so that it appears more red and bluish. The pregnancy hormone prepares the vagina for distention during labor. it is done by producing thick vaginal mucosa, tissue cells – vaginal cells that are rich in glycogen occur due to estrogen stimulation. The cells that live form a thick and white vaginal discharge called leukorrhea. During pregnancy, the pH of vaginal secretions becomes more acidic. Acidity changes from 4 to 6.5. Increased PH makes pregnant women more vulnerable to vaginal infections, especially fungi. Leukorrhea is a grayish mucoid discharge and sometimes smells bad. Continue reading “Anatomical and physiological changes in pregnancy”

How to Increase Milk Supply

Breast milk is milk produced by humans to be consumed by babies as the main source of nutrition for babies who have not been able to digest solid food. Providing breast milk for babies is recommended until the baby 2 years old. After entering the age of 6 months, babies are given complementary food of breastmilk. However, breastfeeding is recommended to continually given until the age of 2 years. Continue reading “How to Increase Milk Supply”

Physiological adaptation to pregnancy – Digestive system

Physiological adaptation to pregnancy – Digestive system

The gastrointestinal system is affected in several ways in pregnancy. The height of progesterone levels interfere with body fluid balance, increase blood cholesterol, and slow contraction of smooth muscles. Secretion of saliva becomes more and more acidic. Later, stomach acid decreases. Enlargement of the uterus suppresses the diaphragm, stomach, and intestine. In early pregnancy, some women experience nausea and vomiting. As pregnancy continues, they will get decreased stomach acid, slower stomach emptying and bloating. Continue reading “Physiological adaptation to pregnancy – Digestive system”

Sibling rivalry

Sibling rivalry (2)
Sibling rivalry

A sibling is a child’s jealousy over the birth of a new child in a family. In other words, a sibling is a sense of competition between siblings due to the birth of the next child. It usually occurs in children aged 3-10 years. A sibling is usually indicated by rejection with the birth of his younger sibling, crying, withdrawing from his environment, staying away from parents, or even committing violence to his younger siblings (hitting, pressing, pinching, etc.). The presence of a new sister or brother can be a major crisis for a child. Continue reading “Sibling rivalry”

Physiological cardiovascular adaptation in pregnancy

Physiological cardiovascular adaptation in pregnancy

The cardiovascular system adapts during pregnancy towards the occurrence of changes. Although changes in the cardiovascular system are seen early in the first trimester, progress to the second and third trimesters of cardiac output increases by approximately 40% than in non-pregnant women. Cardiac output increased from the fifth week of pregnancy and reached the maximum level around the 32nd week of pregnancy. Continue reading “Physiological cardiovascular adaptation in pregnancy”

Physiological adaptation of pregnancy – Integumentary System

Physiological adaptation of pregnancy – Integumentary System

The integumentary system is an organ system that distinguishes, separates, protects, and informs animals about the surrounding environment. This system is often the largest part of the organ system that includes skin, hair, fur, scales, nails, sweat glands and products (sweat or mucus). Continue reading “Physiological adaptation of pregnancy – Integumentary System”

Physiological adaptation to pregnancy – Hematology System

Physiological adaptation to pregnancy – Hematology System

Blood is a tissue in the form of a liquid consisting of two major parts, the blood plasma, and the corpuscular part. In another sense, hematology is also known as a branch of medicine concerning blood cells, blood-forming organs, and abnormalities associated with cells and blood-forming organs. Pregnant women experience various anatomical, physiological and biochemical changes in the body. Most of these changes have occurred immediately after fertilization and continue throughout the pregnancy. Continue reading “Physiological adaptation to pregnancy – Hematology System”